An ostomy refers to the surgically created opening in the body for the discharge of body wastes. Patients may require ostomy surgery for the following conditions:

  • Bowel obstruction
  • Bowel perforation
  • Cancer
  • Congenital anomalies
  • Incontinence
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Spinal cord injury

The most common types of ostomies are described below:

Colostomy:  A colostomy is the most common type of stoma formed.
Position & Shape of Colostomy: It is in the large bowel. It's usually round or oval in shape and should protrude approximately 0.5-1.0 cm.
Output: It will be different depending on where in the large bowel the stoma is positioned. It maybe similar to a normal stool or slightly looser. 
What type of supply/ supplies will a colostomy need? 

- Pouch to collect output 

colostomy 1.jpg

Ileostomy: An ileostomy is the second most common type of stoma formed.
Position & Shape of Colostomy: It is positioned in the small bowel. It's usually round or oval in shape and protrudes apprixamately 2.0-3.0 cm from skin level to form a spout.
Output: It's usually loose watery stools.

What type of supply/ supplies will an ileostomy need? 
- Pouch to collect output 

ileostomy-2.png

Urostomy: This is the term used for a surgical procedure which diverts urine away from a diseased or defective bladder. The ileal or cecal conduitprocedures are the most common urostomies. Either a section at the end of the small bowel (ileum) or at the beginning of the large intestine (cecum) is surgically removed and relocated as a passageway (conduit) for urine to pass from the kidneys to the outside of the body through a stoma. It may include removal of the diseased bladder. Stoma usually protrudes 2.0 cm above skin level.
What type of supply/supplies will a urostomy need?
Urostomy pouch to colllect the constant flow of urine.

 Click here to learn about self-care with ostomy.