What causes a pressure sore?
Decubitous ulcer, which in common terms is referred to as bed sores, pressure sores, or ulcers may simply be described as a lesion, break, or swelling in the skin that fails to heal and the damaged area then develops inflammation of the area surrounding it.
Causes of pressure sores include:
- Pressure on the skin and tissues. *the most common cause.
- Sliding down in a bed or chair, which can cause the skin to fold over itself
- Being pulled across bed sheets or other surfaces, which can cause friction burns
- Excess moisture, such as from sweat, urine, or feces
What increases the risk of getting pressure sores?
Things that make a person more likely to get pressure sores include:
- Conditions that prevent moving easily, such as spinal cord injury, paralysis, coma, or surgery that results in bed rest for a long time
- Issues with bladder or bowel management
- Poor nutrition: A diet that doesn't have enough protein or fiber can lead to unhealthy skin and slow healing
- Aging. As people age, their skin becomes thinner, drier, and less elastic, so it is more easily injured
- Smoking dries out the skin and reduces blood flow to the skin
- Having a health problem that interferes with healing, such as diabetes
How Can You Prevent Pressure Sores?
- Change positions often. Whether you are in a chair or in bed, always try to move around so you decrease the pressure on your skin.
- If you are in a wheelchair, shift your weight to the other side every 15 minutes or if you can, try lifting yourself up in the chair on both arms.
- A thin layer of corn starch on the sheets will help to reduce friction.
- Take good care of your skin.You will need to spend time daily cleaning the skin, keeping it dry from incontinence or perspiration.
Pay special attention to bony areas, such as the hips, elbows, knees, and heels. Also check places where the skin folds over itself.
- Eat healthy foods with enough protein, and get plenty of fluids.
- Get a chair cushion that fits your body's shape better. There are cushions that can reduce pressure on certain areas of the body. Sit on a foam or gel seat cushion that fits your wheelchair. Do NOT sit on donut-shaped cushions.
Home Remedies for Pressure Sores
Here are the top 6 Organic Remedies you can prepare, if you have a mild pressure sore. Please note pressure sores can be dangeours if not treated in a timely manner and effectively. While below remedies have been tested by some patients in a wheelchair, we highly recommend that you take precaution and consult your doctor for proper medication such as antibiotics.
Honey has natural antiseptic properties and can also soothe the skin where there are mild bed sores. It can provide relief from pain, reduce itching and promote healing. Honey can also reduce the risk of infection.
Tip 1: Prepare a thick mixture with equal amounts of honey and sugar. Apply this mixture to the affected body area and cover it with a clean bandage. Follow this treatment once daily.
Tip 2: Spread honey over a large banana leaf. Lie down on this banana leaf for a few hours. Repeat daily.
Turmeric accelerates the healing process of bed sores. It also has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antioxidant properties that help your body deal with the symptoms and fight infection.
Tip 1: Clean the affected area with sterile water or a saline solution. Sprinkle enough turmeric powder to cover the wound. Cover the area with a clean bandage. Repeat 3 times daily for quick healing.
Tip 2: You can also drink warm turmeric milk 2 times daily.
3- ALOE VERA
Due to its healing and soothing properties, aloe vera Aloe vera can be used to control infection in bed sores and can also promote healing. Plus, it keeps the affected skin moisturized, which ensures quick recovery.
Tip 1: Cut open an aloe vera leaf and extract the gel.
Tip 2: Apply this gel on the affected area and rub gently for a few minutes.
Tip 3: Allow it to dry on its own, then wipe it off with a clean damp cloth. Repeat 3 times a day.
Tip 4: You can use aloe vera gel powder, cream or ointment to help promote healing.
4- Saline Water
To help bed sores heal faster, clean it with saline water. Bed sores that are not cleaned properly are more prone to infection and inflammation. Saline water will reduce excess fluid and also get rid of loose dead skin.
5- Coconut Oil
Being rich in medium-chain fatty acids, coconut oil can keep your skin healthy and protect it from damage caused by pressure sores. Plus, massaging it onto your body will improve blood circulation.
Tip 1: Smear some warm coconut oil all over your legs, limbs and back.
Tip 2: Gently massage until the oil penetrates deep into the skin.
Tip 3: Apply 3 or 4 times daily to heal the sores and prevent new sores from appearing.
6- Comfrey Leafs
Another herbal treatment for bed sores popular in alternative medicine is comfrey. Both the root and leaves of comfrey are rich in medicinal properties that can help in regeneration of the tissues. It can also reduce pain and inflammation.
Tip 1: Mix equal amounts of powdered comfrey leaves and slippery elm.
Tip 2: Add a little water to make a paste.
Tip 3: Apply it on the sores and cover it with a bandage.
Tip 4: Leave it on overnight.
Tip 5: The next morning, clean the wound with saline water. Repeat daily.